“The ways in which the child engages with other people and their environment – playing and exploring, active learning, and creating and thinking critically – underpin learning and development across all areas and support the child to remain an effective and motivated learner”.
Development Matters (Page 4, 2012)
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) Guidance identifies the following characteristics as being crucial for effective learning.
Playing and exploring – engagement
Finding out and exploring
Playing with what they know
Being willing to ‘have a go’
Active Learning – motivation
Being involved and concentrating
Enjoying achieving what they set out to do
Creating and thinking critically – thinking
Having their own ideas
Choosing ways to do things
There are 7 areas of Learning and Development:
- The 3 prime areas begin to develop quickly in response to relationships and experiences, and run through and support learning in all other areas. The prime areas continue to be fundamental throughout the EYFS.
- The 4 specific areas include essential skills and knowledge. They grow out of the prime areas, and provide important contexts for learning.
|Area of Learning and Development||Aspect|
|Personal, Social and Emotional Development||Making relationships|
|Self-confidence and self-awareness|
|Managing feelings and behaviour|
|Physical Development||Moving and handling|
|Health and self-care|
|Communication and Language||Listening and attention|
|Shape, space and measure|
|Understanding the World||People and communities|
|Expressive Arts and Design||Exploring and using media and materials|